Professionalism and CivilityCreed of Professionalism and Civility

Adopted January 19, 2023, State Bar of Nevada Board of Governors


A lawyer should always show personal courtesy and professional integrity in the fullest sense of those terms.

In fulfilling our duty to represent a client vigorously as lawyers, we will honor our obligations to the administration of justice, which is a truth-seeking process designed to resolve human and societal problems in a rational, peaceful, and efficient manner. We remain committed to the rule of law as the foundation for a just and peaceful society.

Uncivil, abrasive, abusive, hostile, or obstructive conduct impedes the fundamental goal of resolving disputes rationally, peacefully, and efficiently. Incivility tends to delay, and often deny, justice.

Lawyers should exhibit courtesy, candor, and cooperation when participating in the legal system and dealing with the public. These standards encourage lawyers to fulfill obligations to each other, to litigants, and to justice. These honorable actions achieve the twin goals of civility and professionalism, both of which are hallmarks of a learned profession dedicated to public service.

While these standards are voluntary and not a basis for litigation or sanctions, violations of these standards may trigger sanctions under Rules 4.4, 8.4(b), or others. Ethical problems arise from the conflict between a lawyer’s responsibilities to clients, to the legal system, and to the lawyer’s own interests. The Rules of Professional Conduct resolve such conflicts. The Rules, however, cannot address every conflict that may arise. These standards honor the spirit of the Rules by balancing a lawyer’s obligation to protect and pursue a client’s legitimate interests zealously, within the bounds of the law, while maintaining a professional, courteous, and civil attitude toward all persons in the legal system.

The Court expects lawyers to commit to the spirit and letter of these standards, affirming that these guidelines do not denigrate the lawyer’s duty of zealous representation. Law schools and continuing legal education courses should incorporate these standards when teaching professionalism to law students and practicing lawyers alike. Lawyers should make copies available to clients and adjudicators should reinforce these standards in the courtroom to reinforce our obligation to maintain and foster these standards and to make it clear that incivility may hurt the client’s case.


  1. We will strive to find harmony in our responsibilities as a representative of clients, as officers of the legal system, and as public citizens.
  2. We will treat all participants of the legal system in a civil and courteous manner, not only in court, but also in all other written and oral communications.
  3. We will never permit zealous advocacy to carry us beyond sobriety and decorum to disparaging personal remarks or acrimony.
  4. We will demonstrate civility, professional integrity, personal dignity, respect, courtesy, and cooperation because they are essential to the fair administration of justice and conflict resolution.
  5. We will not encourage or knowingly authorize any person under our control to engage in uncivil conduct.
  6. We will not, absent good cause, attribute bad motives or improper conduct to other counsel or bring the profession into disrepute by unfounded accusations of impropriety.
  7. We will avoid ex parte communications with the court or tribunal, including the judge’s staff, on pending matters, except when permitted by law.
  8. Honesty and fair dealing are integral components of civility. We will adhere to promises and agreements fairly reached, whether orally or in writing, in good faith. When reiterating oral promises or agreements in writing, we will fairly, completely, and in good faith, restate all elements of the parties’ oral agreement.
  9. We will confer early with other counsel to assess settlement possibilities. We will not falsely hold out the possibility of settlement to adjourn discovery or to delay trial.
  10. We will stipulate to undisputed matters unless we have a good-faith basis not to stipulate.
  11. We will try in good faith to resolve our objections with opposing counsel.
  12. We will not time the filing or service of motions or pleadings in any way that unfairly limits another party’s opportunity to respond.
  13. We will not request an extension of time without just cause.
  14. We will consult other counsel regarding scheduling matters in a good-faith effort to avoid scheduling conflicts.
  15. We will endeavor to accommodate previously scheduled dates for hearings, depositions, meetings, conferences, vacations, seminars, or other functions of other counsel.
  16. We will explain to our clients that cooperation is the professional norm. We will explain how procedural agreements do not compromise the clients’ interests.
  17. We will draft document requests and interrogatories without placing an undue burden or expense on any party.
  18. We will ensure that our clients respond to document requests and interrogatories without strained interpretation. We will not produce documents or answer interrogatories in a manner designed to hide or obscure the existence of documents or information.
  19. We will be punctual and prepared for all Court appearances so that all hearings, conferences, and trials may commence on time.
  20. We will not engage in conduct that brings disorder or disruption to the legal proceeding. We will advise our clients and witnesses of the proper conduct expected and, to the best of our ability, prevent our clients and witnesses from creating disorder or disruption.