Civil rights attorneys represent clients whose individual rights have been violated by other individuals, businesses, or the government. Examples of civil rights include the right to freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, the right to vote, and the right of assembly. In addition, every American also has the right to be free from involuntary servitude and the right to equality in public places.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
You’ve likely heard of it: The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was groundbreaking legislation. It outlawed segregation in schools, employment, and public places. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 helped advance the rights of African Americans and women.
Enforcing Federal Civil Rights
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) investigates alleged violations of civil rights laws; in addition, the United States Department of Justice (USDOJ) upholds the U.S. Constitution and civil rights.
For example, the USDOJ enforces federal statutes designed to protect the civil rights of all individuals and prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, disability, religion, and national origin. The USDOJ has played an important role in ending segregation in schools and prosecuting hate crimes; moreover, the Employment Litigation Section, Civil Rights Division, USDOJ enforces Title VII (Civil Rights Act of 1964) against state and local government employers.